Surrogacy is a topic of controversy mainly due to the conflicting laws about it that vary from state to state and country to country. However, for couples who can not conceive and really want an offspring, it is an option.
You should be wondering now, what is a surrogate mother.
A surrogate mother is one who donates her egg and hosts the embryo for the nine months of pregnancy.
There are two kinds of surrogate mothers
1- Traditional surrogates. This refers to the woman whose egg is artificially fertilized with the father’s sperm. The embryo is then embedded into her uterus and she gives birth to the baby. Biologically, she would be the mother of the child as it is her egg that is fertilized.
2- Gestational Surrogate. In this type, IVF or in vitro fertilization is used. The egg of the mother and sperm of the father is artificially fertilized in the lab. The embryo thus formed is placed in the uterus of another woman who then carries and delivers the child. Since the egg belongs to the mother, biologically, she would be considered the mother while the woman who carries the child would be the birth mother.
Gestational surrogacy is more common and less complicated legally. However, traditional surrogacy is also used when a woman has
Lack of eggs
These conditions can force a woman to opt for traditional surrogacy. Gestational surrogacy can be considered if a woman has
Medical problems with the uterus
Health conditions that make pregnancy risky
Who can be a surrogate mother
Any healthy woman with a healthy monthly cycle can be a surrogate. However, not everyone wants to be one.
1- Friends or relatives- You can request a friend or relative to be a surrogate if they agree.
2- Surrogacy agency- A surrogacy agency arranges for gestational surrogates. Many such agencies are in operation today.
Hiring a surrogate mother can be costly. In addition, the cost of in-vitro fertilization itself is very high. In this case, those within family relations seem to be a better choice. However, sometimes parental rights become an issue so people choose to hire surrogates. For more information on what is a surrogate mother, check related websites.